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Tony Milton MRICS

BSc (Hons) Est Man

Market Report - Hanoi - Infrastructure
Monday, 16 March 2009






The Ministry of Construction reports that Ha Noi will need US$12.9 billion by 2020 to improve its transport system. The city would also have set aside between 15-20% of its total land for construction of transport facilities. 150 inner city intersections will be expanded and upgraded while 46 new ones will be built on bypasses to ease traffic congestion.



The Comprehensive Urban Development Pro­gramme (Haidep) was conducted between December 2004 and March 2007 to upgrade the city's urban master plan to 2020 and set a clear direction for future growth. The Haidep study covered 15 provinces in northern Vietnam, some 36,252 square kilome­tres, which is home to 23.4 million people. According to city authorities, it is estimated that the population in Hanoi's integrated urban areas by 2020 would be 5.1 million with Hanoi proper accounting for 4.5 million. Experts from Haidep suggested that transportation development in Hanoi must be undertaken at both the regional and city levels. Strategic corridor development is proposed which covers the completion of Ring Road N4, ring rail, extension of the Urban Mass Rapid Transit (Umrt) toward satellite cities and urban areas, development of high-quality expressway linking Hanoi and Haiphong, Quang Ninh and completion of the regional ring road. Haidep proposed an urban transportation sys­tem which consists of the urban road network (eight radial and four ring roads), Urmt systems ­and a core system. Hanoi's road network will increase from 624 kilometres to 1,143km in length by 2020. The Umrt systems will be diversified into dif­ferent areas such as metro, elevated rail and bus rapid transit. The first core system of the city will link the east and south of the city with the city centre using the existing Vietnam Railway lines and the north and southwest of the city with the city centre. The secondary core system will link western and southern Hanoi with the city centre and ring roads 1, 2 and 3 via a rail route. The proposed 193km Umrt network is com­posed of 4 lines, comprising urban rail and bus rapid transit. When the 4 Umrt lines are completed the system will be able to serve 2.6 million passen­gers per day with an average trip length of 7.8 kilometres per passenger. Excluding committed projects, the total investment cost in the transportation sector will be about $12.7 billion of which roads account for 54% public transport 43%. Region­al transport projects will cost $10.5 billion com­prising expressways ($1.3 billion), roads ($1.4 billion), railways ($2.3 billion), airports ($3.3 bil­lion) and inland waterway transportation ($0.2 billion). Haidep experts suggested that bridges across the Red River and Duong River would greatly affect the urban development pattern and traffic circulation in the city. To meet traffic demand by 2020, 11 bridges will be needed. Among those eight are crossing Red River including the existing Chuong Duong, Long Bien and Thang Long and the new bridges of Thanh Tri, Vinh Tuy, Nhat Tan and 2 other bridges along the ring road. The remaining bridges will be built across the Duong River. Future orientation must be for vehicular traffic between the city centre and the Red River's left bank to use the Nhat Tan and Vinh Tuy-Thanh Tri bridges via the ring roads to mitigate the negative impact to the heart of Hanoi.





In early 2008 the Hanoi Planning and Invest­ment Department announced that the city's area will be tripled to 3,200 square kilometres and contain nearly 7 million people once the city's expansion plan is approved. The expansion plan will be closely based on the Red River Regional Master Plan and the Social and Economic Development Strategy. The city will spread out to Ha Tay, Hoa Binh, Vinh Phuc, Bac Ninh, Hung Yen, Hai Duong and Ha Nam provinces. Hanoi will remain the political, administrative and economic development hub, while neighbor­ing provinces will be developed into industrial zones and vocation­al villages. The capital was current­ly rapidly spreading westwards to Tu Liem district's My Dinh com­mune, with growth soon extending to the eastern bank of the Red River. In 1998 the government assigned the city to develop the river banks. In the past 6 years the Hanoi People's Committee has coordinated with consultancy firms from Japan, South Korea and the US to research the development of land north of the Red River. The 11,000 hectare area in the northern bank, which has a population of 1.5 million, offered exciting opportunities for develop­ment. Two bridges, Vinh Tuy and Thanh Tri, are under construction while the Nhat Tan bridge is expected to start construction early this year to help developers pene­trate the river's northern bank. The west of Hanoi would be reserved for devel­oping tourism and resort facilities, the north and northeast for devel­oping industrial and urban sites, while the east would develop ser­vices and agriculture.



Ha Noi will have 8 new bridges across the Hong (Red) and Duong Rivers by 2020 and 4 to them Nhat Tan, Hong Ha, Me So, and Tu Lien, will link the 2 banks of the Red River in the city via 6-8 lane highways. The total length of the bridges will be 18km. The other 4 bridges, across the Duong River, will link the city's Gia Lam and Dong Anh districts. The 5 bridges that now cross the Red River in the city are Thing Long, Chuong Duong, Thanh Tri, Vinh Tuy, and Long Bien.





Extended Houng Quoc Viet: Hoang Quoc Viet road will extend from Phu Dien to the boundary of Hanoi near the boundary of Ha Tay province. The route of Hoang Quoc Viet - South Thang Long IP is one of 7 major that shall be preferentially developed in period of 2005-2009.



The process of site clearance at Kim Lien and O Cho Dua path is progressing which will facilitate the construction of Road No. l.



Pham Van Dong Road - Ring Road 3: national urban highway. The Road leads to Thang Long Bridge, Noi Bai International Airport, Soc Son District, Dong Anh District, new urban area at North Thang Long Bridge.



Lang-Hoa Lac Expressway: is a 29.26 kilometre 6 lane expressway which will connect Hanoi and Ha Tay and has important sig­nificance for economic develop­ment of the 2 provinces as well as the region. The expressway will facilitate large projects situated along the expressway, including mammoth new urban area North An Khanh, Hoa Lac Hi-Tech Park and the chain of Mieu Mon, Xuan Mai, Hoa Lac and Son Tay satellite cities. The total investment capital was increased from USD$233 million to USD$470 million due to construction cost increases. Hanoi’s Highway No. 21 will be increased to 140 metres, some 5 times the previous width.



Highway 1a – Ha Tay Link Road: started construction in mid-2008 costing USD$812 million. The 41.5km long road will run through Ha Dong City, passing Thanh Oai, Ung Hoa and Phu Xuyen districts and link­ing with Highway IA at Phu Xuyen District. The route should help re­duce traffic on the overloaded Highway 21 and open up transportation to Hai Phong City and southern provinces.



Thuong Cat and Tu Lien bridges: Ha Noi authori­ties plan to have 8 new bridges crossing the Hong (Red) and Duong rivers by 2020 to ease traffic congestion in the capital. Aimed at diversifying heavy traffic flows into and around the city, the Ha Noi People's Committee's Devel­opment Master Plan is expected to be sent to the Gov­ernment for consideration next year. Under the masterplan, the capital's network of bridges would be ex­panded to 11 bridges by 2020. At present there are three bridges crossing the Red River, including the Thang Long and Chuong Duong bridges as well as the new Thanh Tri bridge which is still being completed. A fourth bridge, Long Bien, was built in the early 20th century and is now used by pedestrians. The five new planned bridges to cross the Red River are planned to have between 4-6 lanes and connect traffic to the city centre. These five new bridges, at Vinh Tuy, Nhat Tan, Dong Tru, Thuong Cat and Me So, will also fa­cilitate the city's expansion on the east bank of the Red River. In addition to the construc­tion of the new bridges, Ha N6i authorities planned for 5 ring-roads and highways link­ing Ha Noi with Thanh Hoa - Ha Noi - Viet Tri - Lao Cai. Ha Noi - Thai Nguyen, and Lang - Hoa Lac - Hoa Binh with the Ha Noi - Hoi Phong and Ha Noi - Quang Ninh expressways.



Nhat Tan & Vinh Tuy bridges:Under a new strategy to strengthen Hanoi's infrastructure by 2010, four new bridges linking both sides of the Red River will be constructed with an annual budget of USD$225 million. New bridges are Nhat Tan, Vinh Tuy.



Do Lo & Thong Nhat bridges: In late-2007, the city opened the Do Lo and Thong Nhat bridges to traffic. The 222 meter long Do Lo spans the Ca Lo River connecting Soc Son District with Yen Phong in Bac Ninh Province whilst the 86.5 meter Thong Nhat bridge links Soc Son with Me Linh in Vinh Phuc Province. The People's Committee also announced plans to build an additional 18 flyover bridges at major roads for pedestrians costing USD$13.9 million.



The Tramway will link Cau Dien area with the Hanoi Railway Station, and run through Cau Dien, Cau Giay, Temple of Literature ward, Kim Ma and Giang Van Minh Streets. The tramway, scheduled to be completed in 2010, is estimated to transport 9,000 to 10,000 passengers per hour one way and will be the point of convergence for 8 other tramways proposed in the city's development plan for 2020.



The elevated rail-line would play an important role in easing traffic congestion in the capital city. The elevated railway system will run between Hanoi, Yen Vien (Gia Lam) and Ngoc Hoi (Thanh Tri) and be 8 to 12 metres high with a total length of 25km. The depot will cover 15 hectares in Tu Liem District and will be a center for train parking, maintenance, control and staff training. The first phase of subway network will stretch 12.7km con­necting the railway station in central Hanoi to Nhon town ­ship in the outlying district of Tu Liem, including 9.6km of overhead line and an underground segment of 2.9km. When in place, the line us­ing French technology will be able to serve 6,000 passengers per hour in the 1st Phase and this transport capacity will be increased to 9,000 by 2020 and 12,000 by 2030. The Hanoi-Nhon urban rail­way project requires total in­vestment capital of some 510 million Euros.



A second line was also approved which will run from Tu Liem / Nam Thang Long to Thuong Dinh, some 15.2km of which will be built under­ground. Total investment for the construction is $1.4 bil­lion, of which 85% will come from Japanese ODA via the Japan Bank for International Co­operation (JBIC). The route should be finished in 2013 and will be the first segment of a larger urban train line, stretching 42km from Noi Bai International Air­port to Ha Dong City. The remaining construction will take until 2020.




The Hanoi Urban Railway Management Board have said that the urban railway system alone will cost USD$680 mil­lion, starting from Tu Liem district's Nhon commune and running to Hanoi Railway Station. At 12.5 kilometres, the route will pass Cau Dien-Mai Dich-Cau Giay-Kim Ma­ Nui Truc-Giang Vo-Cat Linh-Quoc Tu Giam Street. Of this, 9.8km will be elevated and 2.9km will run underground. The system will have 15 stations, of which I 1 will be elevated and four under­ground. Using a three-part metro cab with a capacity of from 431 to 587 passengers, the train's capacity will be up to 1,000 passengers when the number of cabs is increased. The metro will be designed accord­ing to standards set by the European and the Interna­tional Railway Union. Hanoi's People's Com­mittee and the central gov­ernment will contribute half of the USD$680 million needed to complete the project. The French Government will fund the rest with money from the ODA budget. It will take 5 years to construct the railway and plans suggest the line will be operational by October 2012.



The Bus-Rapid-Transit (BRT) route will have an investment capital of USD$452 million. Of this, USD$134 mil­lion has been loaned by the World Bank and the rest is contributed by the munici­pal government. The BTR system will consist of 2 routes both of which start at Hoan Kiem. One will run 17.4km to Ha Dong while another will stop at' Van Dien, running for 10.9km. According to committee forecasts, Hanoi will need to spend more than USD$14 billion to completely upgrade and develop the city's urban transport system by 2010. Of this investment, USD$7.7 bil­lion will be set aside for road development, and the other half for development public means of transport.



Hanoi – Hai Phong Expressway: At the end of 2007 the Government announced new financing plans to get the Hanoi to Haiphong expressway off the ground by making the Vietnam Infrastruc­ture Development and Finan­cial Investment Corporation as the build-operate-transfer (BOT) project owner. The shareholding com­pany is be owned by the Vietnam Development Bank (VDB), Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam (Vietcombank) and Vietnam Construction Import and Export Corporation (Vinaconex) who are splitting the road into two sections between Hanoi and Dinh Vu,  and Tan Vu and Lath Huyen. The Hanoi-Haiphong ex­pressway will be another road running between the two cit­ies and go parallel with the south of National Highway 5, cutting through Hanoi, Hai Duong and Hung Yen prov­inces and link to Lach Huyen in Haiphong. According to the plan, the 105km expressway will re­quire about USD$1.56 billion.



Hanoi – Lao Cai Expressway: At the end of 2007 the state ­owned Vietnam Expressway Corporation was licenced as developer fo the country's longest expressway connecting Hanoi and the northern border province of Lao Cai. The 264km road is designed to al­low for the maximum speed of 80-100kph and  wil require nearly USD$1.24 bil­lion for construction with USD$896 million financed by the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) Ordinary Capital Resources (OCR) loan and USD$200 mil­lion from ADB's concessional Asian Develop­ment Fund (ADF). The road will start at the junction with the Hanoi-Ha Long expressway and connect to the junction with He Kou ­Kunming expressway at the Lao Cai-He Kou border gate area. The Government considers the Hanoi-Lao Cai expressway as a key project to foster the growth of trade and tourism in the northwestern region. The road is also part of the so called economic corridor running from Kunming, the capital of China's Yunnan, to the northern Viet­namese port city of Haiphong, and passing through Laos, Cambodia and Myanmar.



Hanoi – Ha Dong MRT: In mid-2008, the Ministry of Transport ordered the commence­ment of work on a 13km mass rapid transit line linking downtown Hanoi and Ha Dong costing USD$552 million.



Nhat Tan Bridge: In early 2009 work started on the Nhat Tan Bridge over the Red River. The bridge is 3.9 kilometers long and 33 meters wide with 4 traffic lanes for common motorized vehicles, 2 lanes for buses, 2 lines of mixed vehicles, and pavements.



West Lake – Ngoc Khanh – Lang Hoa Lac Railway: In late 2008, plans were announced to link the south of West Lake to Ngoc Khanh and Lang Hoa Lac via a 33 kilometres long USD$1.2 billion Korean designed urban railway system. Around 2km will be underground and l0km elevated. The system will be double gauge with maxi­mum speed of 100km per hour.



Yen Bai’s Red River bridge: At the end of 2008, Yen Bai Province broke ground on the 227m long USD$7 million Trai Hut Bridge span­ning the Red River.



Celebration Overpasses: At the end of 2008, Hanoi announced a plan to build 19 over­passes on crowded streets to mark the 1,000th anniversary of Thang Long-Hanoi in 2010.

Last Updated ( Saturday, 09 May 2009 )
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