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Tony Milton MRICS

BSc (Hons) Est Man

Market Report - Hanoi - General
Monday, 16 March 2009





Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, located in the central of Red River Delta, has nearly a thousand years of being a socio-cultural-economic and political centre of the country.



·        Surface area: 920.97 sq km


·        Population (as of 31/12/2004): 3,118,200 people


·        Population density: 3,386 people per sq km


·        2004 GDP per capita: $1,059


·        9 Urban Districts. 4 Rural Districts



Ha Noi has a population of 3.3 million and plans to cap its inner city popu­lation at 3.7 million by 2025, with an addi­tional 2.85 million people living in new districts on the banks of the Red River. By 2025, the population of Ha Noi's outlying areas, presently home to around 1.4 million people, would number close to 2 million. It is predicted that with such a population size, the city's total land area would need to be expanded to 1,975 from its present size of 925 sq. km. At present more than 2.1 million people call Ha Noi's inner areas home. Hanoi's population density is one of the highest in the world, 3,347 people per square kilometre.



According to the develop­ment master plan, by 2020 the city of Ha Noi would increase to 2,800 from 925 at present, with a population of 5 million compared to the present figure of 3.5 million. Under the plan, urban area would account for 85%. The city's GDP would account for be­tween 15-16% of the country's GDP - an increase of one and a half times over the present figure. Income per capita per year is expected to reach $7,500, triple the present figure or about 2.2 times the national average. In the 5 years ending in 2010 Ha Noi planned to increase its GDP by 12% per annum.



In 2004, Hanoi recognised two more urban districts, taking the number of urban districts in Hanoi to 9 (namely Hoan Kiem, Ba Dinh, Hai Ba Trung, Dong Da, Tay Ho, Cau Giay, Thanh Xuan, Long Bien, Hoang Mai, the latter two districts are the new). Together with five rural districts (namely Tu Liem, Soc Son, Don- Anh, Gia Lam and Thanh Tri), Hanoi is now having 14 districts, and is seeing a dynamic movement of population from rural districts to urban districts, both temporarily and permanently.





In early 2008 the People's Council agreed that the size of Ha Noi should be tripled and its population almost doubled over the next 12 years. It proposes the merging of Ha Tay Province - land and people - Vinh Phuc Province's Me Linh district and four communes of Hoa Binh Province's Luong Son District with the capital city. The city would ex­pand to 3,325 and its population to almost six million. It would have 29 district and 575 communal admin­istrative units. The proposed "new" Ha Noi would border Bac Ninh and Hung Yen prov­inces to the East; Hoa Binh and Phu Tho provinces to the West; Ha Nam Province to the South and Thai Nguyen and Vinh Phuc provinces to the North.



In mid-2008, the PM approved a plan that will see the development of the Ha Noi Capital Region (HNCR) over the next 40 years which will cover an area 13 times larger than the capital itself at present, following a planning scheme approved by Prime Minister. The HNCR will consist of Ha Noi and the 7 provinces of Ha Tay, Vinh Phuc, Hung Yen, Bac Ninh, Hai Duong, Ha Nam and Hoa Binh. Eventually, this super Ha Noi region will cover an area of nearly 13,000 square kilometres and have a radius from 100 to 150km. The total population of the region is expected to reach between 18 million and - 18.2 million by 2050. Of this, urban population will surge from about 4.1 to 4.5 million in 2010 and from 8.1 to 9.2 million in 2020. By 2050, the figure will be 14.4 to 15.4 million. Average urban land per capita in the region will be 115 square metres by 2050. The HNCR will be devel­oped as a concentrated, multi-polar urban region stretching out 55km to 90km from the edge of Ha N6i City. The whole capital city re­gion will be divided into three sections, an Central Core, an outer Adjacent Area and a Counterpoise Area. Spatially, the city will de­velop in three directions with three urban zones - in the South, the North and the East of the Red River. The major industrial cen­tre of Ha N6i will be in the eastern area, stretching from the municipal centre to the provinces of Hai Pheng and Quang Ninh. Industrial companies ca­pable of causing pollution will be moved to the outskirts. The displacement will be ac­companied by the establish­ment of satellite urban zones, such as Bac Thang Long, Nam Thang Long, Bo De and Yen Vien.



Soon after this announcement, the PM also approved a plan for a Hanoi "Super region" 13 times larger than the capital at present, including 7 surrounding provinces.


Last Updated ( Saturday, 09 May 2009 )
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